How can we use folktales to learn about cultures?


Activity #5
Students explore two different versions of a folktale.


Objective:
Students will work in pairs to find cultural differences and similarities in the traditional and Hawaiian version of The Three Little Pigs.

Procedure:
1. In a whole class discussion, review definition of folktales and culture. Discuss elements of culture such as beliefs, traditions, language, art, music, clothing, food, games, shelter.
2. Play the Discovery Video, A Folktale Variation, to introduce an example how folktales may change when retold in a different area.
3. Read aloud The Three Little Hawaiian Pigs and the Magic Shark by Donivee Martin Laird. (use the glossary for the Hawaiian words) Discuss the elements or clues in the story. Draw conclusions about the values of the Hawaiian culture in this version of The Three Little Pigs.
4. Watch the Discovery Video of the traditional version.
5. Have students create a double bubble map (similar to a Venn diagram) with a partner to compare the two versions. For example, the Hawaiian version had a shark instead of a wolf. (Students can use Bubbl.us, Kidspiration, Inspiration, or another Mind Mapping software).
6. Discuss and share diagrams as a whole group.

Materials Needed:
-worksheet for Double Bubble Mind Map or MindMapping software.
-Copies/version of:
· The Three Little Pigs (traditional version) & The Three Little Hawaiian Pigs and the Magic Shark by Donivee Martin Laird (Hawaiian version)
Laird, Donivee Martin., and Carol Jossem. The Three Little Hawaiian Pigs and the Magic Shark. Honolulu, HI: Barnaby, 1981. Print.

Resources
The Three Little Pigs Video on Discovery
http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=D93638D1-B6F1-4C17-84FB-F58724E0848F&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US
A Folktale Variation: Appalachian Version of Jack and the Beanstalk Video on Discovery
http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=30d94639-dc50-4830-be07-24af1647a1ee


Optional Resources
Example of a Double Bubble Map:
http://www.mapthemind.com/thinkingmaps/themaps/dbubble/
Blank Double Bubble Map
http://www.linbarconsulting.com/Instructional%20tools/new/DoubleBubble%20compare%20contrastMap.pdf
Make own Double Bubble Map
www.bubbl.us



Activity #6
Students compare the traditional version and the Hawaiian version of two other folktales.


Objective:
Students will work in small groups to find cultural differences and similarities in the traditional and Hawaiian version of the following two folktales: The Princess and the Pea and The Ginger Bread Man.

Procedure:
1. Divide students into small groups.
2. Have some groups compare A Princess and a Pea with The Prince and the Li Hing Mui by Sandi Takayama (Hawaiian version) and The Princess and the Pea (traditional version).
3. Have other groups compare The Gingerbread Man (traditional) & The Musubi Man: Hawai‘i’s Gingerberad Man by Sandi Takayama (Hawaiian Version)
4. Groups will complete a double bubble map to compare the different versions.
5. Have groups switch stories.
6. As a class share findings and make conclusions about the cultural values shown in all three folktales.

Materials Needed:
-worksheets for Double Bubble Mind Map or MindMapping software (2 per student)
-Many copies/versions of:
· The Princess and the Pea (traditional) & The Prince and the Li Hing Mui by Sandi Takayama (Hawaiian version)
Takayama, Sandi, and Esther Szegedy. The Prince and the Li Hing Mui. Honolulu, HI: Bess, 1998. Print.
· The Gingerbread Man (traditional) & The Musubi Man: Hawai‘i’s Gingerberad Man by Sandi Takayama (Hawaiian Version)
Takayama, Sandi, and Pat Hall. The Musubi Man: Hawaiʻi's Gingerbread Man. Honolulu: Bess, 1996. Print.

Optional Resources
The Princes and the Pea on Discovery
http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=2495E911-CAA9-43CD-8863-CF2855359EAB&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US
Example of a Double Bubble Map:
http://www.mapthemind.com/thinkingmaps/themaps/dbubble/
Blank Double Bubble Map
http://www.linbarconsulting.com/Instructional%20tools/new/DoubleBubble%20compare%20contrastMap.pdf
Make own Double Bubble Map
www.bubbl.us